Historical, geographical and social understanding fires learners’ curiosity and imagination about who we are, where we have come from, where we live and where we might be going next. It connects the past with the present and the future, helps learners make sense of their place in the world and is central to their development as informed, active and responsible citizens. This area of learning encourages learners to investigate the world around them, from the Bailiwick to the global. They learn about the impact of their actions on the planet and understand the importance of developing a future that is sustainable. Through exploring cultures, beliefs, values, human rights and responsibilities, learners develop a deeper understanding of themselves and others, and a sense of belonging. They see how societies are organised and shaped by people’s values and actions, and how communities can live and work together. Children and young people learn about diversity and interdependence, fairness, justice and democracy. They begin to understand how events that happened in the Bailiwick, United Kingdom or in other countries can affect our lives today and how our actions shape the future.